As a cultural highlight, we visit the Chinese capital Beijing (Chinese 北京, Pinyin Běijīng). Literally translated, the name Beijing means “Northern Capital” and it is known for its 3000-years old history and numerous cultural attractions.
Beijing is the second largest city of the Republic of China, with an area comparable to the size of Schleswig-Holstein (federal state of Germany). Peking is located in the north-east end of the great Chinese deep plain, and is bounded between three sides, in the west, north and north-east, by the Taihang and Yan mountains. The population is estimated at 12.6 million inhabitants.
The “Cultural Center” Beijing is home of many UNESCO World Heritage sites, including the Summer Palace in the north-west of the city. It includes a unique garden area with over 200 temples and palace buildings. Part of it is the Tiananmen Square, which is often referred to be the largest fortified square in the world. In the north of the square is the Gate of Heavenly Peace, which connects to the forbidden city.
The world’s most famous tourist attraction has a length of over 8800km and is visited by millions of people every year. It is known as the Great Wall.
Beijing has more than 65 universities and colleges, over 900 high schools and more than 4000 grammar schools. In addition, more than 50 different newspapers and 800 different journals were published in the metropolitan area day by day. This is why Beijing is one of the most attractive cities for educated Chinese.
The capital is one of the leading industrial parts in China, where a large number of heavy and light industry companies have settled. These includes among the iron and steel industry, mechanical-, chemical-engineering also the electrical and electronic industry.
All these varieties make Beijing to a very special capital city. It combines the three foundations of our excursion (culture, education and industry) but also offers a very special charm and is a nice end of our trip in China.