Jinan lies south of the Yellow River (Huáng Hé) near the east coast of China and emerged from one of the oldest settlements in China. Translated literally, “Nán” means south and in connection with the first syllable, the city name is “The place in the south of the river Jǐ”. Jinan is also called the “source city” because of its more than seventy sources. The innumerable springs spring up in the middle of the city and are dammed up in springs. Surrounded by parks, they are an idyllic, green retreat that offers a varied contrast to the surrounding bustling city.
Due to the many sources in the city, the construction of a subway (Jinan Metro) has been promoted only in recent years. In April 2019, Line 1 opened with a total of 11 stations.
Jinan, with its 7 million inhabitants, is the capital of the Shandong region and one of the most important technology centers in China. In addition to a thriving high-tech industry, there are two universities, Jinan University and Shandong University, in Jinan City.
In addition, Jinan is known as the center of the three great teachings of China (Buddhism, Daoism and Confucianism). The birthplace of Confucius, Qūfù, is located about 120 km as the crow flies south of Jinan and is considered a popular pilgrimage town.
Furthermore, the Tài Shān, one of the five sacred mountains of Daoism, is located about 50 km as the crow flies south of Jinan. According to a traditional custom, it is especially worthwhile to climb the Tài Shān once in a lifetime over the 9 km long stairway with a total of 6293 steps and a height difference of 1350 meters.